This book is the most comprehensive guide to the freight car equipment of the railroads that service North America. According to the Association of American Railroads, there are currently over 500 freight lines running over 138,000 miles of track. These railroads carry almost 30 million carloads of coal, chemicals, farm products, food products, ore and other materials and products. Car designs are based on the type of commodity that would be shipped. For example, 24-foot ore cars are designed to handle 75 to 85 tons of iron ore. High cubic capacity covered hopper cars are designed for handling grain traffic, while lower cubic capacity cars are designed for handling heavy commodities, such as cement. Author Pat Dorin highlights the changes for each type through time, like the early refrigerated cars that required ice but have evolved into today's much larger mechanical reefers. This book covers each type of specialized freight car and the commodities it is designed to haul. There are 265 black and white and 40 color images that cover the range of specialized freight cars including box cars, refrigerator cars, covered hopper cars, open top hopper cars, ore cars, flat cars, tank cars, intermodal cars, cuto racks and cabooses. This guide will be a great reference for modelers and railfans. Softcover, 8 1/2 x 11", 128 pages.
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